Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница

But returning to my purpoſe, to wit, of the way how to defend, which is to carrie the weapon oppoſite, this maner is commonly uſed, but is not ſo profitable, being uſed as it is. And the reaſon is, becauſe when men endevour themſelves to encounter or oppoſe themſelves againſt the weapon which commeth to ſtrike them, (neither making bolde that their weapon can, neither knowing how it ſhould defend) they withdraw their bodie with their foote, and commit all theſe faultes following.

1 Firſt, by withdrawing of Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница themſelves, they encounter the enimies ſworde towardes the poynt, in which place it beareth moſt force, and therefore with great difficultie they ſuſtaine the blowe.

2 Another is, if they would ſtrike the enimie, of force they muſt returne their feete and weapons thither, where they were before, and yet encreaſe forwards ſomewhat more, if they would ſtrongly ſtrike him: And in this they ſpend ſo much time, that the enimie may not onely eaſily defend, but alſo, verie well and ſafely ſtrike. To him then what woulde uſe this manner of defence Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница without danger, it is neceſſarie and needefull, when he encountreth the enimies ſworde, that he do not withdrawe himſelfe, but with his left foote increaſe a crooked or ſlope pace forwardes, the which ſhall encounter the ſword, which before was comming ſtriking with the edge, on that parte thereof, in which it hath leaſt power to offend, and ſhal by that meanes eaſily withſtand the blowe, But if the ſworde come with a thruſt, he muſt finde it and beat it aſide: for every litle motion is ſufficient to drive the Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница poynt farre enough from danger of hurte. And there is this advantage gotten, aſwel in the blow of the edge as of the point, that the bodie is voided out of the ſtraight lyne, by meanes of the ſaid ſlope pace: and it ſtandeth ſo apt and ſo neere to offende the enimie, that one may ſtrike in the verie inſtant, neither can the enimie ſo much withdrawe himſelfe as is ſufficient to avoyde the ſtroke: For a man hath to uſe the ſtraight pace of the right foote to follow the enimie, which pace Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница is ſo ſtrong and ſo ſwift, that the enimie may not avoide it. And becauſe this manner of defence, in mine opinion, ſeemeth to be moſt ſure and ſhort, I will uſe it above all other.

There is another waie, to wit, when one perceiveth the enimies ſworde in the deliverie of an edge blowe, to fetch a great compaſſe, he may ſtrike him before the fall of his ſword with a thruſt: or els when the enimie thruſteth, (but yet ſpendeth many times in doing therof) he may likewiſe Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница ſtrike him in as ſhorte time as may be. The which manner of defending is moſt profitable, & perchaunce the better of the two. For there is no man that will runne himſelfe hedlong upon the weapon, or that, perceiving himſelfe readie to be ſtrooken, will not ſuddenly drawe backe and with-hold that blowe which he had alreadie prepared to diſcharge. And although there be ſome, who being ſtrooken runne raſhly on, yet generally, men wil not ſo do, albeit the be ſtrooken when they are moſt collorick, but will, when they are ſtrooken or Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница wounded, give backe and be diſmayed and by reaſon of the bloud which goeth from them, alwaies more & more be weakened.

But yet when they be ſo wounded, it ſhall be for their profit to be well adviſed, and not to diſcomfort themſelves for the greatnes of the blowe, but to beare it paciently: for that which they doe in diſdaine and furie ſhal turne them to much diſpleaſure.

3 The third manner of defence is, when the bodie voideth out of the ſtraight lyne towardes this or that ſide, but this Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница is ſeeldome uſed alone & by it ſelfe, but rather accompanied with the oppoſing of the weapon, or with the ſecond manner of defence aforeſaid. If it be uſed alone, the manner is to let ſlipp the blow, and to ſtrike the enimie in the ſame time that he is over reached in his blowe.



The Single Rapier

The methode which shall be used in handling the Chapters following

Oraſmuch as I ought in the Chapters folowing to teach more particularly all the blowes and defences in every warde, (to the ende that no man Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница doe mervaile why I do not perfourme the ſame, and do thinke that the inſtruction is therefore imperfect) I thinke good (becauſe my purpoſe is now to intreat of that only which pertaineth to true Arte, to the which the blow of the point, or thruſtes, are moſt agreeable, being more readie and ſtrong than ony other) to handle them principally, and yet not ſo, but that I will alſo talke of edg blows when in my treatiſe I come to that place where it ſhalbe commodious to ſtrike therewith, placing them Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница neere to their wardes and defenſes, anthough againſt all edgebloſe this is the beſt defence, to ſtrike by the right lyne before the fall of the enimies ſword, for, being delivered in the ſhorter time, it withſtandeth their fall and lighting. The order I ſay, which I will obſerve, ſhalbe, to laie downe every warde, their blowes and defences, but principally of the poynt, then of the edge, if neede require.

The hurt of the high warde at single Rapier.

He trueſt, and ſureſt blowe that may be given when a Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница man lyeth at the high warde, is, the thruſt above hande, aſwell for that it is in the ſtraight lyne, as alſo, becauſe it naturally ſtayeth it ſelfe in the lowe warde: So that from the beginning to the ending of this blowe, there is never any time given to the enimie to enter, by reaſon, that the point ſtandeth alwayes directly againſt him. But in the diſcharging of this blowe, a man muſt remember to drawe his left foote neere his right foote, & deliver it as forcibly as he may, ſtaying Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница him ſelfe in the lowe warde.

True it is, that he may alſo deliver a right and reverſed edgeblowe at the head: or els, ſtrike downwardes from the wriſt of the hand: but becauſe he is not able to turne his wriſt in ſo ſmall a compaſſe, in the diſcharge of an edgeblowe, either high or lowe, but that the poynt of the ſworde will be out of the ſtraight lyne, by the length of a ſworde, in the which (before it returne) the enimie hath ſufficient time to ſtrike: Therefore I would not Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница councell any man to uſe them either alone, or both togither. But yet betweene two thruſts, they may be verie well uſed togither, by continuing the one after the other (though tye be voyded) untill the laſt thruſt, the which doth ſafely reſt it ſelfe in the lowe ward. The uſe of them is one this manner.

When one having diſcharged a thruſt from the highe warde, perceiveth that it doth not hurt, becauſe it was voyded by the enemies ſword, he muſt turne a Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница right edgeblowe from th wriſt athwart the enemies head, fetching a compaſſe with his foote behind him toward the right ſide, to the ende the blow may be the longer, which is the longeſt blowe of all others. But if the enemie voide this in like caſe (which is very difficult) then he muſt ſuddenly turn the reverſe from his elblowe encreaſing therewithall a ſlope pace with the hinder foote. And it is to be noted, that in delivering a reverſe, the ſlope pace is in a manner alwaies to be uſed Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница, to the ende that he may go foorth of the ſtraight lyne, in which (if he ſhould deliver it) he may eaſily be ſtrooken. Having uſed this pace & reverſe, whether it hit or not, the ſworde in the ſame inſtant is ſomething to be drawen or ſlyded: which drawing is profitable in this, that in giving the reverſe it doth both cauſe the weapon to cut, and make the greater blowe. Wherefore it is to be underſtood, that all edgeblowes ought to be delivered, that they may cut: for being Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница directly given without any drawing, they cauſe but ſmall hurt.

Comming therefore to my purpoſe, I ſay: that as ſoone as he hath drawen his ſworde, he ought with the ſtraight pace of the right foote, diſcharge a thruſt underneath, being already prepared, the which thruſt is ſo ſtrong, both for the aptnes thereof and encreaſe of the pace, that it pearceth through any impediment withſtanding it. And all theſe blowes (beginning from the thruſt above hand, till the ende of the thruſt underneath) being roundly delivered one after another with ſuch Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница ſwiftnes as is required, are in a manner not to be warded. Beſides, they have ſo great increaſe of pace, that it is not almoſt poſſible for the enemie to retyre ſo much backwarde, as theſe encreaſe upon his forward

The defence of the thrust of the high warde at Single Rapier

A

Ll the furie in ſtriking before ſpoken of, is utterly fruſtrated, when, as here it may be ſeene, a man withſtandeth and incountereth the firſt thruſt. For the defence whereof it is needfull that he ſtand at the lowe Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница ward, and as the thruſt cometh, that he encounter it without, with the edge of the ſword, and increaſe a ſlope pace forward, with the hinder foote at the verie ſame time, by which pace he moveth out of the ſtraight line, and paſſeth on the right ſide of the enemie. And he muſt remember to beare always the poynt of the ſword toward the enemie: So that the enemie in comming forwardes, ether runneth himſelf onthe ſword, which may eaſely happen, and ſo much the rather, when he commeth Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница reſolutelie determined to ſtrike, or elſe if he come not ſo farre forwardes that he encountereth the ſword, yet he may be ſafelie ſtroken, with the encreaſe of a ſtraight pace: to which pace, having ſuddenly ioyned a ſlope pace, a man muſt returne and increaſe againe though the enemie were ſtrooken at the firſt increaſe of that pace: For if at the firſt ſtroak and increaſe, the enemie were not hit in the eye, it ſhall be to ſmall purpoſe. Therefore as ſoone as he hath uſed Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница the crooked or ſlope pace, he muſt preſentlie encreaſe an other ſtraight pace, the which doth ſo much gather upon the enemie, that is he would ſtrike him in the breſt, he may thruſt his ſword up to the hiltes.

Now for the loftie edge-blowes, both right and reverſed, the rules aforeſaide may ſuffice: To witte, the edge-blowe ſectheth a compaſſe. The blowe of the poynt or thruſt is the ſhorteſt, & in this blowe, he that is neareſt hitteth ſooneſt: So then he muſt thruſt Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница under any of theſe edgeblowes. And farther, for aſmuch as it is naturallie given to everie man to defend himſelfe, he may encounter the right edge-blowe after an otherwaie, and that is, to encounter it with the edge of his ſworde, and preſentlie, to drive there withall a foote, towardes the right ſide behinde, to the ende, that the thruſt may be lengthned and his bodie thereby covered, conſidering he ſhall then ſtand right behinde his ſword.

This manner of defence, may ſerve to warde all right blows of the edg, delivered Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница from the high ward, and it is the beſt waie of all other, becauſe it doth not onely warde, but alſo in one and the ſelfeſame time, both ſtrike and defend ſafely.

This manner of thruſt is called the reverſed thruſt. But if one would warde areverſe, he muſt oppoſe the edge of his ſword without, and therewithall increaſe a ſlope pace, & then deliver a thruſt with the increaſe of a ſtraight or right pace. And this may ſuffice for all that which may be uſed Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница againſt a loftie, reverſed, edgeblowe, as farfoorth as a man endevoureth to oppoſe himſelfe againſt the weapon. And this is the verie ſame alſo which may be uſed for the warding of the thruſt.

The hurt of the broad warde at Single Rapier.

T

He moſt ſure, moſt true & principall blowe that may be uſed in this warde is the thruſt underhand, ſo that a man draw his left foote neere his right foote, and then diſcharge it with the increaſe of the Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница ſaide foote, and ſettle himſelfe in the lowe warde.

He may alſo in this warde with the ſaid increaſe of the right foote, deliver a right edgeblowe from the wriſt of the hand, and ſtay himſelfe in the low warde. And perchaunce he may (although with great daunger) beſtowe alſo a reverſe: yet conſidering he ſhall do it out of the ſtraight lyne, in the which onely he ſtriketh ſafely, I do not thinke it good, that he uſe either the ſaide reverſe, either the ſaide right blowe except it be Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница verie ſeldom, & for the ſame cauſe, aſſuring himſelfe in the blow of the poynt, or thruſt, the which he ſhall not give, except it be verie commodious, or that he be forced of neceſſitie, conſidering this thruſt doth not onely eaſily and commodiouſly defend, but alſo, at one inſtant, ſafely ſtrike, and offend, as ſhalbe ſhewed in the defence of this warde. That therefore which he may ſafely do, in this warde, is to expect and watch for the enimies comming.

The Defence of the broad Ward at Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница Single Rapier.

I

F a man would defend himſelfe from the blowes of the foreſaide broad warde, it is good that he ſtande againſt the enimie in the lowe warde: for whileſt he is ſo oppoſite in the ſame warde, the enimie may neither eaſily enter, neither commodiouſly defend himſelfe. So that he which is in the lowe warde may very eaſily withſtand the downright blow, and the reverſe by giving a thruſt, for that he ſhall hit him firſt, And if he would Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница onely oppoſe his ſworde, and not ſtrike alſo therewithall, he muſt encounter the enimies ſword with the edge of his owne, and turning the ſame edge fetch a reverſe, ſtriking at the face of the enimie. And as he ſo turneth his hand and edge of his ſworde, it ſhalbe good that he carrie his forefoote a halfe crooked or ſlope pace towards his right ſide, ſtaying himſelfe in the broad warde. For defence of the reverſe, it is to be marked, when the enimie lifteth up the point of the Rapier out of the ſtraight Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница lyne, becauſe then of force he fetcheth a compaſſe: And whileſt he ſo doth, a man muſt make a ſtraight pace forwardes, and with his left hande take holdfaſt of the ſworde hande of the enimie, and incontinently wound him with a thruſt underneath alreadie prepared.

Now, the verie ſame defence is to be uſed againſt the thruſt underneath, which is againſt the right edgeblowe. Neither is there any other difference between theſe two defences, but that whileſt the right blowe fetcheth his compas, a man Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница may give a thruſt and hit home firſt: For the thruſt underneath, muſt onely of neceſſitie be warded, becauſe, coming in the ſtraight lyne, it miniſtreth no advantage or time to hit home firſt.

The hurt of the Lowe warde at Single Rapier.

A

Man may in like maner in this ward, as in others, deliver a thruſt, a right blowe, and a reverſe: but the true and principall effect of this warde, is to expect the enimie, aſwell for that a man beareth him ſelfe without warine Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страницаſſe, as alſo, becauſe it is apt and readie to defende all blowes either high or lowe: For being in the middle, it is as eaſily ſomewhat lifted up, as ſomething borne downe: So that when one ſtandeth in this warde, he may not (as for his advantage) be the firſt that ſhall give either the down-right blowe, or the reverſe: for both the one and the other (departing out of the ſtraight lyne) are deadly, becauſe they give time to the enimie to enter nimbly with a thruſt, The thruſt Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница therefore, may be only uſed when one meaneth to ſtrike firſt, and it is practiſed either within, or without, alwaies regarding in either of the waies, ſo to beare and place his arme, that he have no neede (before he thruſt) to drawe backe the ſame. And if the enimie warde it, by the traverſe or croſſe motion of his Rapier, as many uſe to do, then he ought to encreaſe a ſtraight pace and lift up his ſword hand, holding the point thereof downwards betwixt the enimies arme and Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница his bodie, & with the encreaſe of a ſtraight pace to deliver a thruſt. And this maner of thruſt doth eaſily ſpeede, becauſe it increaſeth continually in the ſtraight lyne in ſuch ſort that the enimie can do no other then give backe, and eſpecially when it is done without, for then the ſworde is ſafe from the traverſe motion of the other ſworde.

The Defence of the Lowe warde at Single Rapier.

B

Ecauſe both the down-right blowe, and the reverſe are verie eaſily defended in this warde, I will Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница not ſtand to ſpeake of any other then of the thruſt, reſtraining my ſelfe thereunto. The which thruſt, if at the firſt it be not withſtoode, may prove verie mortall & deadly. Therefore, when this thruſt is given within, it muſt be beaten inwardes with the edge of the Rapier, requiring the turne of the hand alſo inwards, and the compaſse of the hinder foote, ſo farre towards the right ſide, as the hande goeth towardes the right ſide. And the enimie ſhall no ſooner have delivered the thruſt, and Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница he found the ſword, but he ought to turne his hand, and with a reverſe to cut the enimies face, carying alwaies his forefoote on that ſide where his hand goeth. If the enimies thruſt come outwardes, then it is neceſsarie, that with the turne of his hand he beat it outwards with the edge of his ſword encreaſing in the ſame inſtant one ſlope pace, by meanes whereof he delivereth his bodie from hurt. And therewithall (encreaſing another ſtraight pace, and delivering his thruſt alreadie prepared) he doth Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница moſt ſafely hurt the enimie.

The Rapier and Dagger.

Aving as briefely as I might poſsibly finiſhed all that which might be ſaide, of true knowledge of Single Rapier: it ſeemeth convenient, that comming from the ſimple to the compound, I handle thoſe weapons firſt, which from the Rapier forwards are either moſt ſimple or leaſt compound: And eſpecially thoſe which noweadayes are moſt uſed, and in the which men are moſt exerciſed, the which weapons are the Rapier & Dagger accompanied togither, and are a great encreaſe and Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница furtherance both in ſtriking and defending.

Wherefore, it is firſt to be conſidered, that with theſe and the like weapons, a man may practiſe that moſt deſired and renowmed manner of ſkirmiſhing, which is ſaide to ſtrike and defend both in one time, which is thought to be impoſsible to be done with the ſingle Rapier, and yet in truth it is not ſo: For there are ſome kinde of blow in the defence of which one may alſo ſtrike (as in the blowes of the edge, downe right and Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница reverſed) both high and lowe, and other high blowes which here are not ſpoken of.

Wherefore ſeing with theſe weapons a man may verie commodiouſly, both ſtrike and defend, for that the one is a great helpe to the other, it is to bee remembred, that becauſe theſe weapons are two, and the one of leſser quantitie then the other, to each one bee allotted that part both of defendinge and ſtrikinge, which it is beſt hable to ſupport. So that to the Dagger, by reaſon of his Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница ſhortnes, is aſsigned the left ſide to defend downe to the knee: and to the ſword all the right ſide, & and the right and left ſide ioyntly downwardes from the knee. Neither may it ſeeme ſtrange that the onely Dagger ought to defend all the blowes of the left ſide: for it doth moſt eaſily ſuſtaine everie edgeblowe, when it encountreth the ſworde in the firſt and ſecond parte thereof.

But yet let no man aſsure himſelfe, to beare any blowe, with his only Dagger when he meeteth with the ſword of Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница the thirde and fourth parte thereof, becauſe that parte carrieth more force with it then may be ſuſtained with the onely Dagger. And yet for all that, no man ought to accuſtome himſelfe to defende blowes with the Rapier and Dagger both together, which manner of defending is now commonly uſed becauſe men beleeve, that they ſtand more aſsuredly by that meanes, although in trueth it is not ſo. For the Rapier and Dagger are ſo bound thereby, that they may not ſtrike before they be recovered, and therein are ſpent two Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница tymes, under the which a man may be ſtrooken when he that ſtriketh continuing by the ſtraight lyne, encreaſeth forwards, perceiving his enimie to be occupied and troubled in defending of himſelfe. And albeit this is not ſeene to come to paſs many times, yet that is becauſe the advantage is not knowen, or being known, men either are not readie to execute it, either ſtand greatly in feare to do it.

Therefore leaving aſide this maner of defence, let each man uſe to oppoſe, one only weapon againſt the enimies ſworde Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница, keeping the other free, that he may be able to ſtrike at his pleaſure.

And it is diligently to be noted, that not onely the blowes of the ſworde, but alſo of any other weapon be itnever ſo great, may with the onely Dagger be ſuſtained and defended, when a man doth boldly encounter it towards the hand.

It is therefore to be knowen, that in the handling of theſe two weapons one may with leſse danger give a blowe with the edge then at the ſingle Rapier: For albeit the poynt of the Rapier Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница be moved out of the ſtraight lyne: yet for all that there is not free power given to the enimie to ſtrike, conſidering there is an other weapon contrariwiſe prepared to defend: but this doth not ſo fall out at the ſingle Rapier, which bearing it ſelfe farre off when it ſtriketh with the edge, doth preſent & give the meanes to the enimie to hit home firſt. And yet for all that, I would counſell no man, either in this or in any other ſort of weapon to accuſtome himſelfe to Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница give blowes with the edge: for that he may under them be moſt eaſily ſtrooken by a thruſt.

Of the Wardes.

N the handling of theſe weapons, men uſe to frame manie wardes, all which, becauſe many of them carrie no reaſon, for that they are ether out of the ſtreight line, either under them a man maie eaſelie bee ſtroken, I wil caſt aſide as impertinent to my purpoſe, & regrain my ſelf unto thoſe three with the which a man may ſafele ſtrike & defend, wherunto all the Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница reſt maie be reduced.

How to defend with the Dagger.

I

have ſaid elſwhere that the left ſide of the perſon is that part which the dagger ought to defend, that is to ſaie, from the knee upwards: the lower parts together with the right ſide ought wholy to bee warded with the ſword.

Concerning the dagger, that which is to bee done therewith, it is to be noted, that for great advantage, it would be holden before with the arme ſtreched forth & the point reſpecting the enemie, which although it be far from him, yet in Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница that it hath a point, it giveth him occaſion to bethink himſelf.

Now whether a man ought to holde his Dagger with the edge or flatt towardes the enimie, it may be left to the iudgement of him that handleth it, ſo to uſe it, as ſhalbe moſt for his advantage. I have ſeene ſome, who beare it with the edge towards the edimie, alledging this to be their advantage, that as the encounter the enimies ſworde (which commeth with the edge or poynt) in the firſt and ſecond parte therof, & therewithall do Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница increaſe a pace forwards, of force the hand turneth and placeth the edge of the Dagger there where the flatt was firſt: So that they are to drive the enimies ſword farre from them without any great trouble, becauſe each little motion in the firſt parte of the ſworde cauſeth verie great varietie in the poynt, from whence principally proceedeth the hurt. In which caſe, it ſhalbe very profitable to have a good large Dagger.

There be other ſome, whome it pleaſeth to carrie their Dagger with the flatt towardes the enimie Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница, uſing for their defence, not onely the Dagger, but alſo the guardes thereof with the which (they ſaye) they take holdfaſt of the enimies ſword: and to the ende they may do it the more eaſily, they have daggers of purpoſe, which beſide their ordinarie hilts, have alſo two long ſterts of Iron, foure fingers length, and are diſtant from the dagger the thicknes of a bow-ſtring, into which diſtance, when it chaunceth the enimies ſworde to be driven, they ſuddenly ſtraine and holde faſt the ſworde, the which Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница may come to paſse, but I holde it for a thing rather to be immagined then practiſed, the caſe to ſtanding, that in the heate of fight, where diſdaine bickereth with feare, little doth a man diſcerne whether the ſworde be in that ſtraight or no. And when he is to premeditate and marke, endevouring and ſtriving in his lively iudgement, he muſt adviſe himſelfe to perfourme it with the exquiſite knowledge and perfect diſcerning of the enimies motions, his neereneſse and farenſse, and to re Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страницаſolve himſelfe to ſtrike by the ſhorteſt way that may be: for therchaence ſpringeth the victorie.

Let every man therefore holde his dagger with the edge or flatte towardes the enimie, as it ſhall moſt advantage him, or as he hath beene moſt accuſtomed. True it is, that by holding the edge towards the enimie there is this advantage gotten, that with the dagger he may ſtrike with the edge, which he may not do the other waie. But let every man hold it as he wil, yet he ought to carrie his arme ſtretched Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница out before him, with the poynt in manner aforeſaide, to the end he may be able to finde the enimies ſworde a great deale before it hitteth his perſon.

Beſides this, he ought to obſerve for an infallible rule, that when the poynt or edge commeth on the left ſide, he muſt beat it from that ſide with the dagger. And in like ſort defending himſelfe with the ſword, to drive it from the right ſide, for doint otherwiſe: that is, if he force the blowes given on the left ſide Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница outwardes: on the right ſide (foraſmuch as the enimies ſworde hath by that meanes two motions, the one croſsing, which is alreadie given, the other ſtraight which the enimie giveth it, continuing the one with the other) it may be, that in the ſtraight motion, it may hit the perſon, before that (by the thwart or croſsing motion) it be driven quite outwardes. Therefore all blowes ſhalbe beaten outwards toward that ſide or parte of the bodie which is leaft to the end it may the ſooner avoide daunger. And thoſe blowes Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница that come on the right ſide muſt be beaten towards the right ſide: and thoſe on the left ſide muſt in like manner be voided from the ſame ſide.

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Документ Di Graſsi his true Arte of Defence, plainlie teaching by infallable Demonstrations, apt Figures and perfect Rules the manner and forme how a man without other Teacher or Maſter may 3 страница